Skin dark spots can ruin the smooth, youthful appearance of your skin. Also known as hyperpigmentation, dark spots occur when patches of skin become darker than the surrounding skin. While usually harmless, skin dark spots can be a symptom of another medical condition.
If you have dark spots on your face, you may be able to determine its cause by its location or its appearance. Pinpointing the cause of facial skin dark spots may even help you reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Types of Skin Dark Spots
There are several types of dark spots. Each has a different underlying cause. The three most common types of skin dark spots are melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma causes the appearance of brown or blue-gray patches or freckle-like spots, most commonly on the stomach or face. Also known as the “mask of pregnancy,” melasma may develop during pregnancy. Melasma may develop from other causes, such as the use of certain medications or some skincare products.
As their name suggests, sunspots are the result of excess sun exposure over time. Also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, sunspots usually appear as spots on areas of the skin exposed to the sun, such as your hands and face.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation develops as the result of inflammation or injury to the skin, or as the result of a skin condition where skin darkens. Acne is a common cause of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
True Causes of Skin Dark Spots
Skin dark spots occur when something triggers the production of melanin, a natural pigment that gives color to your skin, hair, and eyes.
A wide variety of substances, health conditions, and environmental factors can trigger melanin production. Triggers include:
- Excessive sun exposure
- Certain medications, including some chemotherapy drugs
- Pregnancy changes, including changing hormone levels
- Genetic causes
- Toxic chemicals
Some of these triggers can damage the DNA in the nucleus of your skin cells. DNA contains the instructions cells need to develop, reproduce, and survive. Even a short exposure to sunlight can damage DNA, for example. Your skin responds to this DNA damage by building a protective shield around the nucleus to prevent further damage. This shield, made of melanin, makes your skin look tan. Melanin levels – and your tan – eventually fade as the cells repair themselves.
Unfortunately, melanin also causes unwanted skin dark spots. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun can cause melanin production to go into overdrive. Excessive melanin clumps in the skin to the point where cells can no longer get rid of it. The remaining clumps of melanin show up as darkened areas of skin.
Many people refer to areas of darkened skin as “age spots” because the hyperpigmentation becomes more pronounced throughout the years. As we grow older, the production of melanin slows down. Less melanin means our skin looks paler overall, which makes the remaining clumps of melanin really stand out.
Revinia® Products Can Treat Skin Dark Spots
Revinia® products contain a powerful collection of ingredients that treat skin dark spots by addressing hyperpigmentation at its source – melanin overproduction resulting from DNA damage.
All three Revinia® products contain ac-11®, the first natural product shown to improve the body’s ability to repair its DNA. ac-11® is a patented, all-natural botanical extract of Uncaria tomentosa, a plant used for medicinal purposes. Uncaria tomentosa supports the skin’s natural ability to repair DNA damage resulting from exposure to the sun. ac-11® is a natural alternative that is scientifically proven to lighten skin and reduce dark skin spots.
All Revinia® products also contain hyaluronic acid (HA), which is a substance occurring naturally in your body. Hyaluronic acid is a key molecule when it comes to retaining moisture in your skin. Hyaluronic acid also helps prevent melanin production to reduce the appearance of dark spots. As we age, our bodies produce less hyaluronic acid, which can make skin less elastic and dark spots more pronounced.
Revinia® Eye Repair Treatment
Skin dark spots around your eyes can make you look tired; dark spots near your eyes can make you look older than you really are.
Specially formulated with ac-11® along with pure hyaluronic acid and natural biopolymers, Revinia® Eye Repair Treatment works with your body’s natural chronobiology to help restore your youthful, well-rested appearance. You can see the effects immediately, but you’ll enjoy maximum benefits after using Revinia® Eye Repair Treatment for 90 days.
Use Revinia® Eye Repair Treatment twice each day, once in the morning and again in the evening, for best results. Apply one pump to your cheekbones and eyebrow area, and massage gently into your skin. Be sure to apply to clean, dry skin.
Revinia® Anti-Wrinkle Serum
Revinia® Anti-Wrinkle Serum combines pure hyaluronic acid and patented ac-11® formula to penetrate deeper into the skin, where it can repair cells on a DNA level. Results are visible immediately but continue to improve with 90 days of use.
For best results, apply Revinia® Anti-Wrinkle Serum in the morning. You can also use it again at night in combination with Night Repair Cream and Eye Repair Treatment.
Revinia® Night Repair Cream
Your skin has its own circadian rhythm, which means it does different processes at different times of day and night. During the day, your skin is in “protect mode” to defend your skin against UV rays and other potentially hazardous triggers. At night, your skin switches to “repair mode” to recover from the day’s stresses. With age, though, some of the nighttime restorative processes slow down – this means your skin may not be as good at repairing dark spots as it used to be.
Revinia® Night Repair Cream contains ac-11®, hyaluronic acid, and Polyoprepolymer 15 that prevent the reparative processes from slowing down. It also enhances your skin’s ability to repair DNA. Revinia® Night Repair Cream also visibly reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and restores the youthful, glowing appearance of your skin.
Use one pump of Revinia® Night Repair Cream every evening before bedtime; apply to clean, dry skin on your forehead, cheeks, chin, neck and upper chest. Gently massage into your skin.
For more information, consult with your dermatologist or other skincare professional. The sooner you can determine the cause of your hyperpigmentation, the quicker you can restore the smooth, youthful appearance of your skin.